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The Difference In between Wood Shingles & Shakes

When used in roofing covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have been utilized for centuries. They are split from logs and frequently left as split to maintain the textured, rough-hewn result. A wood shake is quickly identifiable by its thick butt end. With the advent of industrial sawmills a wood shake was frequently sawn after splitting to attain a consistent back side.Turner Roofing

These sawmills likewise produced a totally consistent product with an even taper and similar density by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is called a wood shingle.

California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all utilized to make wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is likewise popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.

Types of Asphalt Shingling

Asphalt or composition shingles are most typically built from natural material or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built upon a base or mat that was originally made of absorbent cotton rags. Later on, more readily available wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was put onto that base, referred to as “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was introduced, which did not rot like the organic materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles feature fiberglass felt.

Aesthetic appeals

It is hard to beat the look of a natural wood roof. If you are making over a traditional older house, cedar roofing is most likely the traditionally appropriate option. Not that asphalt shingles are an unappealing alternative.

Asphalt shingles can be found in a variety of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofing systems can be captivating in their own right. Beyond looking fantastic, wood shingling does not win numerous contrast battles with its asphalt-covered competitors. Let’s check out some of the advantages and disadvantages up on your roofing …

Benefits and drawbacks:-


Life span for both asphalt and wood shingles is a difficult matter. Let’s tick off all the factors that can impact the durability of a roofing covering: quality of setup, diligence of upkeep, quality of materials, age of the house, overhanging trees, environment and foot traffic. Chemically treated wood will outlast neglected shakes and shingles and a shake will endure longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and treated wood shingles can make it through Thirty Years on a roofing, given ideal conditions.


Cedar shingles are resistant to pests however not large amounts of rain. Cedar shakes in a damp environment are vulnerable to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will encourage mildew. When rot embeds in it has actually likely impacted more than a single shake and the whole roof is a candidate for replacement.

Materials & Installation Costs

In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.

The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.

Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather problems. Algae is more likely to take hold on an asphalt roof than cedar shakes. While this will not hamper your roofing system’s protection capabilities, it does result in unattractive staining and premature replacement on appearance grounds, particularly at resale time. Cleaning either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing with a service of water and bleach applied professionally with a powerwasher will run from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a job finest left to proficient specialists as a badly handled powerwasher can wreak havoc on roof shingles.


Some building codes where fire is a risk limit or ban making use of wood shingling completely. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Remember that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.

Wind and Impact Resistance

Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have proven to be extremely impact-resistant and have checked to stand up to wind speeds of approximately 245 miles per hour (which your home will never ever see). Asphalt shingles will, nevertheless, blow off a roof in high winds. Fallen branches are also far more likely to harm an asphalt shingle that a wooden one.


Cedar is a high upkeep product. For starters, the wood has to breathe and the roofing should be kept clear of leaves, branches and particles. Rain gutters should be regularly cleaned and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roofing system. If individual shakes or shingles are needed they will match the composition and color of the original roofing system– score one point for cedar.

While algae will not impair the efficiency of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a damp roofing system can cause the edges to lift or curl leaving them vulnerable to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be gotten rid of with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen up and can be swept the roofing system. It will return, however, if many of the same measures as keeping a wood roofing dry– cutting tree branches, eliminating debris and clearing seamless gutters– are not followed. Replacing individual shingles is often a Do It Yourself job.

ROI, Home Valuations, and Curb Appeal Considerations

In regards to property appraisals, changing a cedar roofing system with asphalt will quickly diminish the value of your home.– On some historic houses, as well as houses surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historic districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be a choice to begin with. However, if you need to replace a cedar roofing with something else, then going with a metal roofing rather than asphalt will help maintain the valuation and curb appeal of your home.


On the cost and upkeep considerations– the “Big Two” for most homeowners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs just look so darn great, don’t they?