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The Distinction Between Wood Shingles & Shakes

When used in roof covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have actually been utilized for centuries. They are split from logs and typically left as split to keep the textured, rough-hewn result. A wood shake is instantly identifiable by its thick butt end. With the advent of industrial sawmills a wood shake was frequently sawn after splitting to achieve an uniform rear end.Turner Roofing

These sawmills likewise produced a totally consistent item with an even taper and identical thickness by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is called a wood shingle.

California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all used to produce wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is likewise popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.

Kinds of Asphalt Shingling

Asphalt or structure shingles are most commonly constructed from organic material or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built on a base or mat that was originally made from absorbent cotton rags. Later on, more readily offered wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was put onto that base, referred to as “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was introduced, which did not rot like the organic products. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles include fiberglass felt.

Aesthetic appeals

It is difficult to beat the appearance of a natural wood roof. If you are making over a conventional older house, cedar roofing is probably the traditionally appropriate option. Not that asphalt shingles are an unsightly option.

Asphalt shingles been available in a wide array of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofs can be captivating in their own right. Beyond looking excellent, wood shingling does not win numerous contrast battles with its asphalt-covered competition. Let’s check out some of the benefits and drawbacks up on your roof …

Benefits and drawbacks

Longevity

Life span for both asphalt and wood shingles is a tricky matter. Let’s tick off all the factors that can impact the durability of a roofing covering: quality of setup, diligence of upkeep, quality of products, age of the house, overhanging trees, climate and foot traffic. Chemically treated wood will outlast untreated shakes and shingles and a shake will survive longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and treated wood shingles can make it through Thirty Years on a roof, provided perfect conditions.

Sturdiness

Cedar shingles are resistant to insects however not large amounts of rain. Cedar shakes in a damp environment are prone to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will motivate mildew. When rot sets in it has actually likely affected more than a single shake and the whole roofing system is a candidate for replacement.

Materials & Installation Costs

In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.

The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.

Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather condition problems. Algae is more likely to take hold on an asphalt roofing system than cedar shakes. While this will not hinder your roof’s security capabilities, it does result in undesirable staining and early replacement on look premises, particularly at resale time. Cleaning up either a asphalt or wood shingle roof with an option of water and bleach used expertly with a powerwasher will range from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a task best left to skilled specialists as a poorly handled powerwasher can wreak havoc on roofing system shingles.

Flammability

Some building regulations where fire is a risk limit or ban making use of wood shingling altogether. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Keep in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.

Wind and Effect Resistance

Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually shown to be highly impact-resistant and have actually tested to endure wind speeds of up to 245 miles per hour (which your home will never see). Asphalt shingles will, nevertheless, blow off a roofing system in high winds. Fallen branches are likewise a lot more most likely to harm an asphalt shingle that a wood one.

Maintenance

Cedar is a high upkeep product. For starters, the wood has to breathe and the roof should be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Seamless gutters must be routinely cleaned up and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roof. If private shakes or shingles are needed they will match the structure and color of the initial roofing– score one point for cedar.

While algae will not hinder the efficiency of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a damp roofing system can cause the edges to lift or curl leaving them vulnerable to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be removed with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will eventually loosen up and can be swept off the roofing. It will return, nevertheless, if a number of the exact same procedures as keeping a wood roof dry– cutting tree branches, eliminating debris and clearing gutters– are not followed. Replacing individual shingles is frequently a DIY job.

ROI, Property Valuations, and Curb Appeal Considerations

In regards to property assessments, replacing a cedar roofing system with asphalt will quickly decrease the worth of your house.– On some historic houses, as well as homes surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historical districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be an option to begin with. However, if you should change a cedar roof with something else, then selecting a metal roofing instead of asphalt will assist preserve the valuation and curb appeal of your property.

Final thought

On the cost and maintenance considerations– the “Big 2” for a lot of house owners– asphalt shingles are the clear option over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs simply look so darn great, don’t they?