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The Difference In between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When used in roofing covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have been used for centuries. They are divided from logs and typically left as split to maintain the textured, rough-hewn impact. A wood shake is instantly identifiable by its thick butt end. With the arrival of commercial sawmills a wood shake was typically sawn after splitting to attain an uniform back side.
These sawmills also produced a completely consistent item with an even taper and similar density by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured product is referred to as a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all used to manufacture wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is likewise popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Varieties of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or structure shingles are most commonly built from organic product or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built upon a base or mat that was originally made from absorbent cotton rags. Later on, more readily available wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was poured onto that base, called “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was introduced, which did not rot like the organic products. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles feature fiberglass felt.
It is hard to beat the appearance of a natural wood roofing system. If you are making over a traditional older house, cedar roofing is most likely the historically proper choice. Not that asphalt shingles are an unappealing alternative.
Asphalt shingles come in a wide variety of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofing systems can be distinctive in their own right. Beyond looking fantastic, wood shingling does not win numerous comparison battles with its asphalt-covered competitors. Let’s explore a few of the benefits and drawbacks up on your roofing …
Pros and Cons:-
Life expectancy for both asphalt and wood shingles is a challenging matter. Let’s check off all the elements that can impact the longevity of a roofing covering: quality of installation, diligence of maintenance, quality of products, age of your home, overhanging trees, climate and foot traffic. Chemically dealt with wood will outlast neglected shakes and shingles and a shake will make it through longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and dealt with wood shingles can make it through Thirty Years on a roof, provided perfect conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to bugs however not large quantities of rain. Cedar shakes in a moist environment are vulnerable to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will encourage mildew. When rot embeds in it has most likely impacted more than a single shake and the entire roofing is a candidate for replacement.
Materials & Installation Costs
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather condition issues. Algae is most likely to take hold on an asphalt roofing than cedar shakes. While this will not hamper your roofing system’s security abilities, it does result in undesirable staining and early replacement on look premises, especially at resale time. Cleaning either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing with a service of water and bleach applied professionally with a powerwasher will run from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a task finest left to skilled professionals as a poorly dealt with powerwasher can ruin roof shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a threat limit or ban making use of wood shingling altogether. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Remember that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Impact Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually proven to be highly impact-resistant and have tested to stand up to wind speeds of as much as 245 miles per hour (which your home will never see). Asphalt shingles will, however, blow off a roofing in high winds. Fallen branches are also much more most likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wood one.
Cedar is a high upkeep product. For starters, the wood needs to breathe and the roofing must be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Rain gutters need to be frequently cleaned and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roofing system. If individual shakes or shingles are required they will match the structure and color of the original roof– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not impair the efficiency of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a moist roof can trigger the edges to raise or curl leaving them vulnerable to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be removed with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen up and can be swept off the roofing system. It will return, nevertheless, if a number of the same steps as keeping a wood roofing system dry– trimming tree branches, getting rid of particles and cleaning gutters– are not followed. Changing private shingles is frequently a DIY task.
ROI, Home Evaluations, and Suppress Appeal Considerations
In terms of property assessments, replacing a cedar roofing system with asphalt will immediately diminish the worth of your home or business.– On some historic houses, in addition to houses surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historic districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be an alternative to begin with. However, if you need to change a cedar roof with something else, then going with a metal roofing instead of asphalt will help preserve the valuation and curb appeal of your property.
On the cost and maintenance considerations– the “Big 2” for a lot of property owners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs just look so darn excellent, do not they?