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The Difference In between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When utilized in roofing covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have been used for centuries. They are split from logs and often left as split to maintain the textured, rough-hewn impact. A wood shake is instantly recognizable by its thick butt end. With the arrival of industrial sawmills a wood shake was typically sawn after splitting to achieve a consistent rear end.
These sawmills also produced a completely consistent product with an even taper and similar density by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is referred to as a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all utilized to manufacture wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is likewise popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Types of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or composition shingles are most frequently built from natural product or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built upon a base or mat that was originally made from absorbent cotton rags. Later, more readily available wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was put onto that base, referred to as “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was presented, which did not rot like the organic materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles feature fiberglass felt.
It is tough to beat the appearance of a natural wood roofing. If you are making over a conventional older home, cedar roof is probably the traditionally suitable choice. Not that asphalt shingles are an unappealing alternative.
Asphalt shingles come in a variety of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofings can be eye-catching in their own right. Beyond looking terrific, wood shingling does not win many comparison battles with its asphalt-covered competitors. Let’s check out some of the benefits and drawbacks up on your roof …
Pros and Cons:-
Life expectancy for both asphalt and wood shingles is a tricky matter. Let’s tick off all the factors that can impact the longevity of a roofing covering: quality of setup, diligence of upkeep, quality of products, age of your home, overhanging trees, climate and foot traffic. Chemically treated wood will last longer than neglected shakes and shingles and a shake will endure longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and treated wood shingles can make it through Thirty Years on a roofing, provided ideal conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to pests however not large amounts of rain. Cedar shakes in a damp environment are prone to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will encourage mildew. When rot sets in it has actually likely impacted more than a single shake and the entire roofing system is a candidate for replacement.
Materials & Installation Costs
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather concerns. Algae is more likely to take hold on an asphalt roof than cedar shakes. While this will not hinder your roofing system’s defense capabilities, it does result in undesirable staining and early replacement on appearance premises, particularly at resale time. Cleaning up either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing with a solution of water and bleach used expertly with a powerwasher will range from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a task finest left to proficient specialists as an improperly dealt with powerwasher can ruin roof shingles.
Some building codes where fire is a threat limit or ban the use of wood shingling altogether. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Keep in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Impact Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually shown to be extremely impact-resistant and have actually tested to hold up against wind speeds of up to 245 miles per hour (which your home will never ever see). Asphalt shingles will, however, blow off a roofing in high winds. Fallen branches are also a lot more most likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wood one.
Cedar is a high maintenance material. For beginners, the wood has to breathe and the roofing system needs to be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Gutters should be frequently cleaned and ventilation kept open for air to stream around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roofing system. If private shakes or shingles are required they will match the composition and color of the original roofing system– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not impair the performance of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a damp roofing can cause the edges to raise or curl leaving them vulnerable to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be gotten rid of with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen and can be swept off the roofing. It will return, however, if much of the very same procedures as keeping a wood roofing system dry– trimming tree branches, removing particles and cleaning rain gutters– are not followed. Replacing private shingles is typically a Do It Yourself job.
ROI, Residential or commercial property Evaluations, and Curb Appeal Considerations
In regards to residential or commercial property evaluations, changing a cedar roofing system with asphalt will instantly decrease the worth of your house.– On some historic houses, as well as houses surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historical districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be an option to begin with. But, if you should replace a cedar roofing system with something else, then choosing a metal roofing instead of asphalt will assist maintain the assessment and curb appeal of your house.
On the expense and maintenance considerations– the “Big Two” for the majority of property owners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs just look so darn good, don’t they?