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The Difference In between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When utilized in roofing system covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have been used for centuries. They are divided from logs and often left as split to maintain the textured, rough-hewn effect. A wood shake is immediately identifiable by its thick butt end. With the advent of commercial sawmills a wood shake was frequently sawn after splitting to accomplish an uniform rear end.
These sawmills likewise produced a totally consistent product with an even taper and similar thickness by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured product is referred to as a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all utilized to produce wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is also popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Types of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or composition shingles are most commonly constructed from natural product or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built upon a base or mat that was originally made from absorbent cotton rags. Later, more readily available wood pulp or paper changed the natural fibers. Asphalt was put onto that base, called “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was introduced, which did not rot like the organic materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles feature fiberglass felt.
It is tough to beat the appearance of a natural wood roofing. If you are making over a conventional older home, cedar roofing is most likely the historically proper option. Not that asphalt shingles are an unappealing option.
Asphalt shingles can be found in a wide array of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofs can be distinctive in their own right. Beyond looking terrific, wood shingling does not win lots of comparison battles with its asphalt-covered competitors. Let’s explore a few of the benefits and drawbacks up on your roof …
Advantages and disadvantages:-
Life expectancy for both asphalt and wood shingles is a difficult matter. Let’s check off all the elements that can affect the durability of a roofing covering: quality of installation, diligence of maintenance, quality of materials, age of your home, overhanging trees, climate and foot traffic. Chemically treated wood will outlive without treatment shakes and shingles and a shake will endure longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and treated wood shingles can make it through Thirty Years on a roofing system, given ideal conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to bugs however not large amounts of rain. Cedar shakes in a damp environment are prone to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will motivate mildew. When rot embeds in it has actually most likely impacted more than a single shake and the entire roof is a candidate for replacement.
Material & Installation Costing
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather condition issues. Algae is most likely to take hold on an asphalt roof than cedar shakes. While this will not hinder your roofing system’s security capabilities, it does cause undesirable staining and premature replacement on look grounds, particularly at resale time. Cleaning either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing with an option of water and bleach applied expertly with a powerwasher will run from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a job best left to competent specialists as a poorly managed powerwasher can damage roofing shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a threat restrict or prohibit making use of wood shingling altogether. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Remember that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Impact Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually shown to be highly impact-resistant and have tested to stand up to wind speeds of as much as 245 miles per hour (which your house will never see). Asphalt shingles will, nevertheless, blow off a roofing system in high winds. Fallen branches are also far more most likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wooden one.
Cedar is a high maintenance material. For beginners, the wood has to breathe and the roof needs to be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Gutters must be frequently cleaned up and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roof. If private shakes or shingles are required they will match the composition and color of the initial roof– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not hinder the performance of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a damp roofing system can trigger the edges to lift or curl leaving them vulnerable to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be eliminated with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen and can be swept off the roofing. It will return, nevertheless, if much of the exact same measures as keeping a wood roofing dry– cutting tree branches, removing debris and clearing gutters– are not followed. Replacing individual shingles is often a Do It Yourself job.
ROI, Home Evaluations, and Curb Appeal Considerations
In regards to residential or commercial property valuations, replacing a cedar roofing with asphalt will quickly reduce the value of your property.– On some historic houses, in addition to homes surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historic districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be a choice to begin with. However, if you should change a cedar roofing with something else, then going with a metal roofing rather than asphalt will assist preserve the evaluation and curb appeal of your home.
On the expense and maintenance factors to consider– the “Big 2” for the majority of homeowners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofing systems are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs just look so darn great, do not they?