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The Difference Between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When utilized in roofing covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have been utilized for centuries. They are divided from logs and frequently left as split to keep the textured, rough-hewn effect. A wood shake is quickly recognizable by its thick butt end. With the development of business sawmills a wood shake was typically sawn after splitting to attain a consistent rear end.
These sawmills likewise produced an entirely consistent product with an even taper and similar density by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is referred to as a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all used to produce wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is also popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Kinds of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or structure shingles are most typically built from natural product or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built upon a base or mat that was originally made of absorbent cotton rags. Later on, more readily offered wood pulp or paper changed the natural fibers. Asphalt was poured onto that base, known as “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was introduced, which did not rot like the organic materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles include fiberglass felt.
It is difficult to beat the look of a natural wood roof. If you are making over a traditional older home, cedar roofing is probably the traditionally suitable choice. Not that asphalt shingles are an unattractive option.
Asphalt shingles come in a variety of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofing systems can be distinctive in their own right. Beyond looking fantastic, wood shingling does not win many comparison battles with its asphalt-covered competitors. Let’s explore a few of the advantages and disadvantages up on your roofing.
Advantages and disadvantages:-
Life span for both asphalt and wood shingles is a difficult matter. Let’s check off all the aspects that can affect the longevity of a roofing system covering: quality of installation, diligence of maintenance, quality of materials, age of your home, overhanging trees, environment and foot traffic. Chemically dealt with wood will outlast untreated shakes and shingles and a shake will endure longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and dealt with wood shingles can survive Thirty Years on a roofing system, offered ideal conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to insects however not large quantities of rain. Cedar shakes in a damp environment are vulnerable to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will motivate mildew. When rot embeds in it has actually likely affected more than a single shake and the whole roof is a candidate for replacement.
Materials & Installation Costs
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather concerns. Algae is most likely to take hold on an asphalt roofing than cedar shakes. While this will not hinder your roofing’s protection capabilities, it does cause unsightly staining and premature replacement on look grounds, especially at resale time. Cleaning up either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing system with a solution of water and bleach used expertly with a powerwasher will run from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a task best left to competent specialists as an inadequately handled powerwasher can damage roof shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a threat limit or prohibit using wood shingling completely. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Bear in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Impact Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually proven to be extremely impact-resistant and have actually checked to stand up to wind speeds of approximately 245 miles per hour (which your house will never ever see). Asphalt shingles will, however, blow off a roof in high winds. Fallen branches are likewise much more most likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wood one.
Cedar is a high maintenance product. For starters, the wood has to breathe and the roofing needs to be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Rain gutters should be frequently cleaned up and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be applied as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roof. If specific shakes or shingles are required they will match the composition and color of the initial roofing system– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not impair the performance of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a moist roof can cause the edges to lift or curl leaving them vulnerable to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be removed with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen and can be swept off the roofing. It will return, nevertheless, if a lot of the same steps as keeping a wood roof dry– cutting tree branches, getting rid of particles and clearing seamless gutters– are not followed. Replacing specific shingles is often a DIY task.
ROI, Residential or commercial property Appraisals, and Curb Appeal Considerations
In regards to residential or commercial property appraisals, changing a cedar roofing with asphalt will quickly lessen the value of your house.– On some historical homes, as well as homes surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historical districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be a choice to begin with. However, if you must change a cedar roofing with something else, then selecting a metal roofing system instead of asphalt will help maintain the valuation and curb appeal of your house.
On the expense and maintenance considerations– the “Big 2” for a lot of homeowners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofing systems are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs just look so darn good, don’t they?