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The Distinction In between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When used in roof covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have actually been used for centuries. They are divided from logs and frequently left as split to retain the textured, rough-hewn effect. A wood shake is instantly identifiable by its thick butt end. With the advent of industrial sawmills a wood shake was typically sawn after splitting to achieve a consistent back side.
These sawmills also produced a completely uniform product with an even taper and similar thickness by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is called a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all used to manufacture wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is also popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Kinds of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or structure shingles are most frequently constructed from natural material or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built on a base or mat that was initially made from absorbent cotton rags. Later, more readily available wood pulp or paper changed the natural fibers. Asphalt was put onto that base, known as “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was presented, which did not rot like the organic materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles feature fiberglass felt.
It is hard to beat the look of a natural wood roof. If you are making over a standard older home, cedar roofing is probably the traditionally proper choice. Not that asphalt shingles are an unattractive alternative.
Asphalt shingles can be found in a wide array of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofs can be eye-catching in their own right. Beyond looking fantastic, wood shingling does not win many comparison battles with its asphalt-covered competition. Let’s check out some of the advantages and disadvantages up on your roofing …
Pros and Cons:-
Life span for both asphalt and wood shingles is a tricky matter. Let’s check off all the aspects that can affect the durability of a roofing system covering: quality of setup, diligence of upkeep, quality of materials, age of your home, overhanging trees, environment and foot traffic. Chemically treated wood will outlive untreated shakes and shingles and a shake will survive longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and dealt with wood shingles can survive Thirty Years on a roofing system, given ideal conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to insects however not large quantities of rain. Cedar shakes in a moist environment are susceptible to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will encourage mildew. When rot embeds in it has actually likely impacted more than a single shake and the whole roof is a candidate for replacement.
Materials & Installation Costs
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather problems. Algae is most likely to take hold on an asphalt roofing than cedar shakes. While this will not hamper your roofing’s security abilities, it does lead to undesirable staining and premature replacement on appearance premises, especially at resale time. Cleaning either a asphalt or wood shingle roof with a service of water and bleach used expertly with a powerwasher will range from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a job best left to proficient specialists as an inadequately dealt with powerwasher can ruin roofing shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a danger limit or ban making use of wood shingling completely. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Keep in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Impact Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually proven to be highly impact-resistant and have evaluated to hold up against wind speeds of as much as 245 miles per hour (which your home will never ever see). Asphalt shingles will, nevertheless, blow off a roof in high winds. Fallen branches are likewise a lot more most likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wood one.
Cedar is a high upkeep product. For beginners, the wood has to breathe and the roofing system needs to be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Rain gutters should be frequently cleaned and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roofing system. If individual shakes or shingles are needed they will match the structure and color of the initial roofing system– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not hinder the performance of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a moist roofing can trigger the edges to lift or curl leaving them vulnerable to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be removed with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will eventually loosen up and can be swept off the roofing system. It will return, however, if much of the very same steps as keeping a wood roofing dry– trimming tree branches, removing debris and clearing gutters– are not followed. Changing specific shingles is frequently a DIY job.
ROI, Residential or commercial property Assessments, and Suppress Appeal Considerations
In regards to residential or commercial property valuations, replacing a cedar roof with asphalt will quickly reduce the value of your house.– On some historical homes, as well as homes surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historic districts/neighborhoods, this may not even be an option to begin with. However, if you need to replace a cedar roof with something else, then going with a metal roof instead of asphalt will assist maintain the evaluation and curb appeal of your house.
On the cost and upkeep considerations– the “Big 2” for many homeowners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs simply look so darn good, do not they?