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The Distinction Between Wood Shingles & Shakes

When used in roofing system covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have actually been utilized for centuries. They are divided from logs and typically left as split to maintain the textured, rough-hewn effect. A wood shake is immediately identifiable by its thick butt end. With the advent of commercial sawmills a wood shake was typically sawn after splitting to achieve an uniform back side.Turner Roofing

These sawmills also produced a completely consistent item with an even taper and identical density by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured product is referred to as a wood shingle.

California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all utilized to manufacture wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is likewise popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.

Types of Asphalt Shingling

Asphalt or composition shingles are most frequently built from organic material or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built on a base or mat that was initially made of absorbent cotton rags. Later on, more readily offered wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was poured onto that base, referred to as “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was presented, which did not rot like the organic materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles include fiberglass felt.

Visual appeals

It is tough to beat the appearance of a natural wood roofing system. If you are making over a traditional older home, cedar roof is most likely the traditionally appropriate option. Not that asphalt shingles are an unattractive option.

Asphalt shingles come in a wide array of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofings can be attractive in their own right. Beyond looking great, wood shingling does not win many contrast battles with its asphalt-covered competition. Let’s explore some of the benefits and drawbacks up on your roofing …

Advantages and disadvantages:-


Life expectancy for both asphalt and wood shingles is a difficult matter. Let’s check off all the elements that can affect the longevity of a roofing system covering: quality of setup, diligence of maintenance, quality of materials, age of your home, overhanging trees, climate and foot traffic. Chemically treated wood will outlive neglected shakes and shingles and a shake will survive longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and dealt with wood shingles can make it through Thirty Years on a roof, offered perfect conditions.


Cedar shingles are resistant to bugs however not large quantities of rain. Cedar shakes in a damp environment are vulnerable to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will motivate mildew. When rot embeds in it has actually most likely impacted more than a single shake and the entire roofing system is a candidate for replacement.

Materials & Installation Costs

In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.

The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.

Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather condition problems. Algae is most likely to take hold on an asphalt roofing system than cedar shakes. While this will not obstruct your roofing’s defense abilities, it does cause unattractive staining and early replacement on appearance grounds, especially at resale time. Cleaning up either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing system with a solution of water and bleach used expertly with a powerwasher will range from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a task finest delegated competent professionals as a badly managed powerwasher can wreak havoc on roof shingles.


Some building regulations where fire is a threat restrict or ban using wood shingling entirely. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Keep in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.

Wind and Impact Resistance

Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually proven to be highly impact-resistant and have tested to withstand wind speeds of as much as 245 miles per hour (which your house will never ever see). Asphalt shingles will, nevertheless, blow off a roof in high winds. Fallen branches are also much more most likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wooden one.


Cedar is a high maintenance product. For starters, the wood has to breathe and the roofing system should be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Rain gutters need to be routinely cleaned up and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roofing. If specific shakes or shingles are required they will match the composition and color of the original roofing system– score one point for cedar.

While algae will not hinder the performance of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a wet roof can cause the edges to lift or curl leaving them susceptible to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be gotten rid of with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen up and can be swept the roofing. It will return, however, if many of the exact same procedures as keeping a wood roofing system dry– cutting tree branches, removing debris and clearing gutters– are not followed. Replacing individual shingles is frequently a DIY task.

ROI, Home Appraisals, and Curb Appeal Considerations

In terms of property assessments, replacing a cedar roof with asphalt will quickly reduce the worth of your house.– On some historic houses, in addition to homes surrounded by other houses roofed with cedar, such as in historical districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be a choice to begin with. But, if you must change a cedar roof with something else, then selecting a metal roofing rather than asphalt will assist preserve the assessment and curb appeal of your home or business.


On the expense and upkeep considerations– the “Huge Two” for many homeowners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs just look so darn good, do not they?