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The Distinction Between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When utilized in roofing covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have been used for centuries. They are split from logs and frequently left as split to retain the textured, rough-hew effect. A wood shake is quickly recognizable by its thick butt end. With the advent of business sawmills a wood shake was typically saw after splitting to accomplish an uniform rear end.
These sawmills likewise produced a totally consistent product with an even taper and similar density by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is referred to as a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all used to make wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is also popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Types of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or composition shingles are most frequently constructed from natural product or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built on a base or mat that was originally made from absorbent cotton rags. Later, more readily available wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was put onto that base, referred to as “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was introduced, which did not rot like the natural materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles include fiberglass felt.
It is hard to beat the look of a natural wood roofing system. If you are making over a standard older home, cedar roofing is most likely the traditionally proper choice. Not that asphalt shingles are an unappealing option.
Asphalt shingles come in a wide array of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofs can be captivating in their own right. Beyond looking fantastic, wood shingling does not win numerous contrast battles with its asphalt-covered competition. Let’s check out a few of the benefits and drawbacks up on your roofing system …
Advantages and disadvantages:-
Life span for both asphalt and wood shingles is a challenging matter. Let’s check off all the elements that can affect the durability of a roof covering: quality of installation, diligence of upkeep, quality of products, age of your home, overhanging trees, climate and foot traffic. Chemically dealt with wood will outlast neglected shakes and shingles and a shake will endure longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and treated wood shingles can endure Thirty Years on a roof, provided perfect conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to pests but not large amounts of rain. Cedar shakes in a moist environment are susceptible to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will motivate mildew. When rot sets in it has most likely impacted more than a single shake and the whole roof is a candidate for replacement.
Materials & Installation Costs
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather concerns. Algae is more likely to take hold on an asphalt roof than cedar shakes. While this will not hamper your roof’s security capabilities, it does cause unattractive staining and early replacement on look premises, particularly at resale time. Cleaning either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing with a solution of water and bleach applied expertly with a power-washer will range from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a task finest delegated qualified specialists as an inadequately handled power-washer can damage roofing system shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a risk limit or prohibit using wood shingling altogether. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Remember that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Effect Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually shown to be extremely impact-resistant and have evaluated to endure wind speeds of up to 245 miles per hour (which your home will never see). Asphalt shingles will, however, blow off a roofing in high winds. Fallen branches are also much more likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wood one.
Cedar is a high upkeep product. For starters, the wood needs to breathe and the roof should be kept clear of leaves, branches and particles. Rain gutters must be frequently cleaned and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can avoid graying of a roofing. If private shakes or shingles are needed they will match the composition and color of the original roofing– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not impair the efficiency of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a moist roofing system can trigger the edges to raise or curl leaving them susceptible to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be removed with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen and can be swept off the roofing. It will return, nevertheless, if a number of the same procedures as keeping a wood roof dry– trimming tree branches, eliminating debris and cleaning rain gutters– are not followed. Changing private shingles is frequently a Do It Yourself job.
ROI, Home Evaluations, and Curb Appeal Considerations
In regards to property valuations, replacing a cedar roofing with asphalt will quickly lessen the value of your home or business.– On some historical houses, as well as homes surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historical districts/neighborhoods, this may not even be a choice to begin with. However, if you should change a cedar roof with something else, then choosing a metal roofing system rather than asphalt will assist maintain the assessment and curb appeal of your property.
On the expense and maintenance factors to consider– the “Huge Two” for the majority of property owners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs simply look so darn excellent, do not they?