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The Distinction In between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When used in roof covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have actually been used for centuries. They are divided from logs and frequently left as split to keep the textured, rough-hewn impact. A wood shake is instantly identifiable by its thick butt end. With the development of industrial sawmills a wood shake was typically sawn after splitting to accomplish a consistent back side.
These sawmills likewise produced a completely uniform item with an even taper and similar density by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is known as a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all utilized to produce wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is also popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Kinds of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or structure shingles are most frequently constructed from organic material or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built on a base or mat that was originally made from absorbent cotton rags. Later, more readily available wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was put onto that base, known as “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was presented, which did not rot like the organic materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles feature fiberglass felt.
It is difficult to beat the look of a natural wood roofing. If you are making over a standard older home, cedar roof is most likely the historically proper option. Not that asphalt shingles are an unattractive alternative.
Asphalt shingles come in a variety of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofs can be appealing in their own right. Beyond looking excellent, wood shingling does not win many comparison battles with its asphalt-covered competitors. Let’s explore a few of the advantages and disadvantages up on your roof …
Pros and Cons:-
Life expectancy for both asphalt and wood shingles is a tricky matter. Let’s check off all the elements that can affect the longevity of a roofing system covering: quality of installation, diligence of maintenance, quality of materials, age of your house, overhanging trees, environment and foot traffic. Chemically dealt with wood will outlive neglected shakes and shingles and a shake will endure longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and dealt with wood shingles can make it through Thirty Years on a roof, offered ideal conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to insects but not large quantities of rain. Cedar shakes in a wet environment are vulnerable to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will motivate mildew. When rot sets in it has likely affected more than a single shake and the entire roofing system is a candidate for replacement.
Materials & Installation Costs
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather problems. Algae is most likely to take hold on an asphalt roofing system than cedar shakes. While this will not hinder your roof’s protection abilities, it does cause undesirable staining and early replacement on look premises, particularly at resale time. Cleaning either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing with a service of water and bleach used professionally with a powerwasher will range from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a task finest delegated competent experts as an improperly dealt with powerwasher can damage roofing shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a risk limit or prohibit making use of wood shingling entirely. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Keep in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Impact Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually shown to be highly impact-resistant and have actually evaluated to stand up to wind speeds of approximately 245 miles per hour (which your home will never see). Asphalt shingles will, however, blow off a roof in high winds. Fallen branches are likewise far more most likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wooden one.
Cedar is a high maintenance material. For beginners, the wood has to breathe and the roof must be kept clear of leaves, branches and particles. Rain gutters need to be routinely cleaned and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can avoid graying of a roof. If private shakes or shingles are needed they will match the structure and color of the original roofing system– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not hinder the efficiency of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a wet roof can trigger the edges to lift or curl leaving them susceptible to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be gotten rid of with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will eventually loosen and can be swept the roofing. It will return, however, if a lot of the very same steps as keeping a wood roofing system dry– cutting tree branches, getting rid of debris and clearing gutters– are not followed. Changing specific shingles is typically a Do It Yourself task.
ROI, Residential or commercial property Appraisals, and Suppress Appeal Considerations
In terms of property appraisals, changing a cedar roof with asphalt will instantly decrease the worth of your house.– On some historical homes, in addition to houses surrounded by other houses roofed with cedar, such as in historic districts/neighborhoods, this may not even be an option to begin with. But, if you must replace a cedar roofing system with something else, then choosing a metal roofing system rather than asphalt will help preserve the evaluation and curb appeal of your property.
On the cost and upkeep considerations– the “Big 2” for the majority of homeowners– asphalt shingles are the clear option over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs just look so darn excellent, do not they?