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The Distinction Between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When used in roofing system covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have been used for centuries. They are split from logs and typically left as split to keep the textured, rough-hewn effect. A wood shake is immediately recognizable by its thick butt end. With the development of business sawmills a wood shake was frequently sawn after splitting to attain a consistent rear end.
These sawmills likewise produced a completely consistent product with an even taper and similar thickness by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is called a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all utilized to manufacture wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is likewise popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Kinds of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or structure shingles are most typically built from natural product or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built upon a base or mat that was originally made of absorbent cotton rags. Later on, more readily offered wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was poured onto that base, called “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was presented, which did not rot like the natural products. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles feature fiberglass felt.
It is hard to beat the appearance of a natural wood roof. If you are making over a standard older home, cedar roofing is probably the historically proper choice. Not that asphalt shingles are an unappealing option.
Asphalt shingles can be found in a wide variety of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofs can be captivating in their own right. Beyond looking excellent, wood shingling does not win lots of contrast battles with its asphalt-covered competition. Let’s check out a few of the advantages and disadvantages up on your roofing …
Benefits and drawbacks:-
Life span for both asphalt and wood shingles is a difficult matter. Let’s tick off all the factors that can impact the longevity of a roof covering: quality of setup, diligence of maintenance, quality of products, age of the house, overhanging trees, environment and foot traffic. Chemically dealt with wood will last longer than without treatment shakes and shingles and a shake will survive longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and dealt with wood shingles can survive 30 years on a roofing system, given ideal conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to pests but not large amounts of rain. Cedar shakes in a moist environment are prone to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will encourage mildew. When rot sets in it has most likely impacted more than a single shake and the entire roofing is a candidate for replacement.
Materials & Installation Costs
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather condition problems. Algae is most likely to take hold on an asphalt roofing system than cedar shakes. While this will not hinder your roofing system’s security abilities, it does result in unpleasant staining and early replacement on look grounds, specifically at resale time. Cleaning up either a asphalt or wood shingle roofing system with a solution of water and bleach applied professionally with a powerwasher will range from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a job best left to skilled professionals as a badly dealt with powerwasher can wreak havoc on roof shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a threat restrict or prohibit the use of wood shingling altogether. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Keep in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Effect Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have shown to be extremely impact-resistant and have actually tested to hold up against wind speeds of approximately 245 miles per hour (which your house will never ever see). Asphalt shingles will, nevertheless, blow off a roof in high winds. Fallen branches are likewise a lot more most likely to harm an asphalt shingle that a wood one.
Cedar is a high maintenance product. For beginners, the wood needs to breathe and the roof should be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Seamless gutters need to be frequently cleaned up and ventilation kept open for air to stream around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can avoid graying of a roof. If private shakes or shingles are required they will match the structure and color of the initial roofing system– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not hinder the efficiency of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a damp roofing system can trigger the edges to raise or curl leaving them susceptible to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be gotten rid of with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen up and can be swept the roofing. It will return, nevertheless, if a lot of the same procedures as keeping a wood roofing dry– trimming tree branches, getting rid of particles and cleaning rain gutters– are not followed. Changing specific shingles is often a Do It Yourself job.
ROI, Home Assessments, and Suppress Appeal Considerations
In terms of property assessments, replacing a cedar roofing with asphalt will immediately lessen the worth of your home.– On some historical homes, as well as houses surrounded by other homes roofed with cedar, such as in historic districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be an alternative to begin with. But, if you must change a cedar roofing with something else, then opting for a metal roof instead of asphalt will assist protect the assessment and curb appeal of your property.
On the cost and maintenance considerations– the “Big 2” for many homeowners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofing systems are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs simply look so darn excellent, don’t they?