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The Difference In between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When used in roofing system covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have actually been used for centuries. They are divided from logs and frequently left as split to maintain the textured, rough-hewn effect. A wood shake is instantly identifiable by its thick butt end. With the development of industrial sawmills a wood shake was frequently sawn after splitting to attain an uniform rear end.
These sawmills also produced an entirely consistent item with an even taper and identical density by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured item is known as a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all used to make wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is also popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Kinds of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or structure shingles are most typically built from natural material or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built upon a base or mat that was originally made from absorbent cotton rags. Later, more readily offered wood pulp or paper changed the natural fibers. Asphalt was put onto that base, called “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was introduced, which did not rot like the organic materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles feature fiberglass felt.
It is hard to beat the appearance of a natural wood roof. If you are making over a conventional older home, cedar roofing is probably the historically proper choice. Not that asphalt shingles are an unappealing alternative.
Asphalt shingles been available in a variety of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofing systems can be distinctive in their own right. Beyond looking excellent, wood shingling does not win lots of contrast battles with its asphalt-covered competitors. Let’s check out some of the benefits and drawbacks up on your roofing system …
Pros and Cons:-
Life expectancy for both asphalt and wood shingles is a challenging matter. Let’s check off all the factors that can impact the durability of a roofing system covering: quality of setup, diligence of maintenance, quality of materials, age of the house, overhanging trees, environment and foot traffic. Chemically dealt with wood will last longer than neglected shakes and shingles and a shake will survive longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and treated wood shingles can make it through 30 years on a roofing system, provided perfect conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to bugs however not large amounts of rain. Cedar shakes in a wet environment are prone to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will motivate mildew. When rot sets in it has most likely impacted more than a single shake and the entire roofing is a candidate for replacement.
Materials & Installation Costs
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather issues. Algae is more likely to take hold on an asphalt roof than cedar shakes. While this will not obstruct your roofing’s security abilities, it does cause unpleasant staining and early replacement on appearance grounds, particularly at resale time. Cleaning either a asphalt or wood shingle roof with an option of water and bleach applied expertly with a powerwasher will run from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a job finest left to qualified professionals as an inadequately handled powerwasher can ruin roofing system shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a threat limit or ban the use of wood shingling entirely. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Keep in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Effect Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have actually proven to be extremely impact-resistant and have actually tested to endure wind speeds of up to 245 miles per hour (which your home will never see). Asphalt shingles will, however, blow off a roofing in high winds. Fallen branches are likewise a lot more likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wooden one.
Cedar is a high upkeep product. For starters, the wood has to breathe and the roof should be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Gutters must be frequently cleaned and ventilation kept open for air to stream around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be used as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can avoid graying of a roofing system. If individual shakes or shingles are needed they will match the composition and color of the original roofing– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not impair the efficiency of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a damp roof can trigger the edges to lift or curl leaving them susceptible to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be gotten rid of with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will ultimately loosen up and can be swept the roof. It will return, nevertheless, if much of the very same procedures as keeping a wood roofing system dry– trimming tree branches, removing particles and clearing rain gutters– are not followed. Replacing individual shingles is often a Do It Yourself job.
ROI, Home Assessments, and Curb Appeal Considerations
In regards to home appraisals, changing a cedar roof with asphalt will instantly lessen the value of your property.– On some historical houses, along with houses surrounded by other houses roofed with cedar, such as in historical districts/neighborhoods, this might not even be a choice to begin with. However, if you must change a cedar roofing system with something else, then choosing a metal roof instead of asphalt will help preserve the appraisal and curb appeal of your home.
On the expense and upkeep factors to consider– the “Huge Two” for a lot of homeowners– asphalt shingles are the clear choice over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofing systems are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs just look so darn great, don’t they?