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The Distinction Between Wood Shingles & Shakes
When used in roofing system covering, wood can be either shakes or shingles. Wood shakes have actually been utilized for centuries. They are split from logs and typically left as split to retain the textured, rough-hewn impact. A wood shake is immediately identifiable by its thick butt end. With the introduction of business sawmills a wood shake was often sawn after splitting to attain an uniform rear end.
These sawmills likewise produced a totally uniform item with an even taper and similar thickness by sawing shakes on both sides. This manufactured product is referred to as a wood shingle.
California redwood, western red cedar, cypress, spruce and pine are all utilized to produce wood shakes and shingles. Cedar is the most popular wood for shakes, southern yellow pine is likewise popular. Wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Kinds of Asphalt Shingling
Asphalt or structure shingles are most typically constructed from organic material or fiberglass. Asphalt shingles are built on a base or mat that was originally made from absorbent cotton rags. Later on, more readily available wood pulp or paper replaced the natural fibers. Asphalt was poured onto that base, called “felt.” In the 1970s fibrous glass was presented, which did not rot like the natural materials. Today, 95 percent of asphalt shingles include fiberglass felt.
It is hard to beat the appearance of a natural wood roofing system. If you are making over a conventional older home, cedar roofing is most likely the historically suitable option. Not that asphalt shingles are an unsightly alternative.
Asphalt shingles been available in a wide array of colors and shapes and patterned asphalt roofs can be appealing in their own right. Beyond looking excellent, wood shingling does not win many comparison battles with its asphalt-covered competition. Let’s check out a few of the pros and cons up on your roof …
Pros and Cons:-
Life span for both asphalt and wood shingles is a difficult matter. Let’s tick off all the factors that can affect the longevity of a roofing system covering: quality of setup, diligence of upkeep, quality of materials, age of your house, overhanging trees, environment and foot traffic. Chemically treated wood will outlast neglected shakes and shingles and a shake will survive longer than a shingle. Both asphalt and treated wood shingles can endure Thirty Years on a roof, provided perfect conditions.
Cedar shingles are resistant to pests however not large quantities of rain. Cedar shakes in a wet environment are susceptible to mold and mildew and rot. Sap from overhanging trees will motivate mildew. When rot embeds in it has likely impacted more than a single shake and the entire roofing system is a candidate for replacement.
Material & Installation Costing
In the roofing industry, an 18-inch wood shingle is referred to as “Perfection” and 24-inch wide shingles are known as “Royal.” A wood shake is a premium product, costing around $3.50 per square foot versus $2.50 a square foot for wood shingles.
The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes – between $6.00 to $9.00 per square foot or $600 and $900 per square (100 square feet), installed. Wood shingles are slightly less pricey at $4.00 to $7.00 per square foot or $400 to $700 per square, installed.
Asphalt roofing can cost as little as $2.50 to $4.00 per square foot or $250 to $400 per square, installed.Asphalt has its own weather condition problems. Algae is more likely to take hold on an asphalt roofing system than cedar shakes. While this will not hamper your roofing system’s protection capabilities, it does cause unpleasant staining and premature replacement on appearance premises, specifically at resale time. Cleaning either a asphalt or wood shingle roof with a solution of water and bleach used expertly with a powerwasher will run from $25 to $30 per square. And this is a task best delegated competent specialists as an improperly handled powerwasher can wreak havoc on roof shingles.
Some building regulations where fire is a danger restrict or prohibit using wood shingling entirely. Asphalt shingles have a high resistance to flames. Keep in mind that wood shakes and shingles can be pressure treated with fire retardants and chemical preservatives.
Wind and Effect Resistance
Cedar shakes and shingles are the clear winner here. Both have proven to be extremely impact-resistant and have actually tested to stand up to wind speeds of as much as 245 miles per hour (which your house will never ever see). Asphalt shingles will, nevertheless, blow off a roofing system in high winds. Fallen branches are also far more likely to damage an asphalt shingle that a wood one.
Cedar is a high maintenance material. For beginners, the wood needs to breathe and the roofing system must be kept clear of leaves, branches and debris. Rain gutters should be frequently cleaned up and ventilation kept open for air to flow around the shakes and shingles. Topical treatments can be applied as water repellents and ultraviolet inhibitors that can prevent graying of a roofing system. If private shakes or shingles are required they will match the composition and color of the initial roofing– score one point for cedar.
While algae will not impair the performance of asphalt shingles, mosses that grow on a moist roof can cause the edges to raise or curl leaving them vulnerable to a blow-off in storms. Moss can be gotten rid of with a 50:50 mix of laundry-strength liquid chlorine bleach and water soaked with a low-pressure sprayer. The moss will eventually loosen up and can be swept off the roofing system. It will return, nevertheless, if a number of the very same measures as keeping a wood roof dry– cutting tree branches, eliminating particles and cleaning rain gutters– are not followed. Changing specific shingles is typically a DIY job.
ROI, Property Valuations, and Curb Appeal Considerations
In regards to home valuations, replacing a cedar roofing with asphalt will immediately diminish the value of your home.– On some historic houses, in addition to houses surrounded by other houses roofed with cedar, such as in historic districts/neighborhoods, this may not even be an alternative to begin with. But, if you must replace a cedar roofing with something else, then selecting a metal roofing rather than asphalt will assist protect the assessment and curb appeal of your house.
On the expense and upkeep considerations– the “Huge Two” for a lot of property owners– asphalt shingles are the clear option over wood shakes. And in fact, about 70 percent of American roofs are covered with asphalt shingles today. On the other hand, those wood shingled-roofs simply look so darn good, do not they?